Have you ever imagined how does electricity work? How did we even come across the word ‘Electricity’? Well, we consume electricity like food. The recent technologies like our gadgets, television systems, computer, mobile phones, light bulbs, and other important things run on electricity. Imagine a day without electricity – no light, no charging means no mobile phone or laptops, no gadgets for entertainment – what a boring day it would be. Have you ever thought about the invention of electricity, an invention that affected the world as a whole?
Electricity is a natural phenomenon. It never required to be invented, it was always present in nature, and we just had to discover it. The same phenomenon applies to Plasma. So, what exactly is Plasma and Plasma Ball and how does a plasma ball work? These two major factors which are needed to know by you, So let go
Plasma is the most common form of matter in the universe. According to the Southwest Research Institute, “Plasma is a hot ionized gas containing roughly equal quantities of positively charged ions and negatively charged electrons.” It is considered as the fourth state of matter besides from solid, liquid and gas.
Plasma is a gas that is heated at a very high temperature due to which the atoms move so rapidly that they lose their electrons, after which we get ionized particles. Like the positive and negative charges, Electrons and ions repel and don’t want to be near each other. So, if you notice a picture of a Plasma ball, you’ll see the electrons and ionized particles jumping around to try to get away from each other, which causes the lightening in the Plasma ball.
The plasma ball is also sometimes called as the Plasma globe, plasma lamp, sphere, and dome. It is a clear glass ball filled with a mixture of noble gases with a very high-voltage electrode filled at the center of the ball. Plasma filaments prolong from the electrode to the glass of the ball when it is fed with electricity, creating a captivating beam of colored lights.
In the mid-1889s, Nikola Tesla, an inventor, and scientist, after being inspired by Heinrich Hertz decided to know more on radio waves and electromagnetic radiation. He tried powering a spark coil with a high-speed alternator, however later he found out that the high-frequency current overheated the iron ore and melted the insulation between the winding of the coils. To find a solution to this, Tesla invented the Tesla coil with an air gap instead of the insulation material between the primary and secondary winding of coils. That is why the electrode at the center of the plasma ball is known as the Tesla Coil.
Inside the Plasma lamp, there is partial vacuum – some of the gases have been sucked out of the globe. It is easier to make an electric spark with less air in the glass globe, which can be seen by the naked eyes.
The color of the light depends on the type of inert gasses introduced in the static ball. Usually, it is neon; however, the other options are Argon, Helium, Xenon, Krypton and various other mixtures of gases. The electrons in the globe travel out in the air lighting a bulb or a lamp attached to the ball.
If a human touches the ball during the spark, the electrons travel through them. If they touch it for long enough they can light a bulb due to the electrons running in them. The Phenomenon occurs due to the conductive properties of a human body. When they feel the glass, they create a discharge path with low resistance than the surrounding glass and other gases.
Most of the Plasma Balls are easily available in the market but some of them give you some relevant
quality like stability and big enough to enthralls you. Some of the best Plasma Globes available in the
Plasma Balls are generally used for science projects. Teachers prepare the children to design their own Plasma balls in the labs. They are quite simple to make but under an adult’s guidance sometimes plasma ball cause dangers too. However, if you are planning to keep a plasma ball for your home decoration, you can simply purchase it from online stores. They are easily available at Amazon, Flipkart, and other high-rated websites.